Tobacco Basics

> Chromium

Image of a bucket of molten stainless steel

CHROMIUM: Found in stainless steel and cigarette smoke

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question 2

QUIZ: Benzene: Found in cigarette smoke and gasoline

Benzene: Found in cigarette smoke and what else?

Right.

Benzene is a chemical found in both cigarette smoke and gasoline.

Wrong.

Benzene is a chemical found in both cigarette smoke and gasoline.

<p>Benzene: Found in cigarette smoke and what else?</p>
Response Correct: 
<p><span class="response_answer">Right.</span><br><br>Benzene is a chemical found in both cigarette smoke and gasoline.</p>
Response Incorrect: 
<p><span class="response_answer">Wrong.</span><br><br>Benzene is a chemical found in both cigarette smoke and gasoline.</p>
Target Option: 
B

QUIZ: Menthol cigarettes may be more addictive and harder to quit than regular cigarettes

Are menthol cigarettes less harmful than regular cigarettes?
Right.

A cigarette is a cigarette. In fact, research suggests that menthols may be more addictive and harder to quit.
Wrong.

A cigarette is a cigarette. In fact, research suggests that menthols may be more addictive and harder to quit.
Are menthol cigarettes less harmful than regular cigarettes?
Response Correct: 
<span class="response_answer">Right.</span><br><br> A cigarette is a cigarette. In fact, research suggests that menthols may be more addictive and harder to quit.
Response Incorrect: 
<span class="response_answer">Wrong.</span><br><br> A cigarette is a cigarette. In fact, research suggests that menthols may be more addictive and harder to quit.
Target Option: 
B

Congrats - Quiz

CONGRATS!

You've completed all the quiz questions.

How'd you do? If you're trying to make up your mind about tobacco, it's good to know the facts.

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> beryllium

GIF of jack-in-the-box with mushroom cloud exploding out of it

BERYLLIUM: Found in nuclear weapons and cigarette smoke

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> Teens Vulnerable To Addiction

As a teen, your brain is still developing, making you more vulnerable to nicotine addiction
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> Toluene

Image of a bucket of paint thinner

TOLUENE: Found in paint thinner and cigarette smoke

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> Nicotine Travels From Lungs To Brain

GIF of elevator with

The nicotine in cigarette smoke travels quickly from your lungs to your brain

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> Nicotine is highly addictive

GIF of teen with spinning eyes

Nicotine is highly addictive

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> Cadmium

Image of a large collection of batteries

CADMIUM: Found in batteries and cigarette smoke

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What Counts As Tobacco?

There's no safe tobacco, but what counts as tobacco? (slideshow featuring types of tobacco including Dip, Cigarette, Roll-Your-Own, and Hookah (Waterpipe)
1
Cigarette
2
Roll-Your-Own
3
Dip
4
Hookah (Waterpipe)
5
And More
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 of 6
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> Waterpipe/Hookah Smoke

A typical 1-hour hookah session can produce as much smoke as several packs of cigarettes
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> Carbon Monoxide

Image of car exhaust pipe

CARBON MONOXIDE: Found in car exhaust and cigarette smoke

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> #7000Chemicals

Image of test tube with the coloring of a cigarette

Cigarette smoke is a toxic mix of over #7000chemicals

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> Lead

Image of old, cracked lead paint on a wall

LEAD: Found in old paint and cigarette smoke

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Science Class

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People using screen readers may not be able to fully view information in this file. Video description: Open on a high school science classroom. Students are at their desks while the teacher lectures from the front about a science experienment. He takes a fluid sample from the creature in the experiment. Teacher: What are we looking at? Formaldehyde, chromium, nitrobenzene—this actually has over 7,000 chemicals. Don’t get me started on what they do to you. The teacher turns around to examine the sample. Behind his back, the creature starts to get loose. A student raises her hand and tries to get the teacher’s attention. Teacher: Prematurely wrinkled skin, stunted lung growth. Student: Mr. Essler? Teacher: Tooth loss, cancer. Student: Mr. Essler! Teacher: Hang on. The creature frees itself, stands up on the table, and shrieks. Teacher: Oh. The teacher backs away. The creature leaps off the table and the class erupts into mayhem—stools are pushed over, beakers fall to the ground and students jump onto their desks and scream. We cut to the hallway. Students are running out of the room. We cut back to the classroom. The teacher and a student get a closer look at the creature as it crawls into a pack of cigarettes. Male voiceover: If cigarettes looked as dangerous as they are, you’d run like hell. Find out the real cost of tobacco. Text is displayed: The Real Cost logo, Instagram.com/TheRealCost, FDA logo. For any more help, please email tobaccocampaigns@fda.hhs.gov.

If you are having difficulty playing the following video please either use Internet Explorer to access the video or change your YouTube player from Flash to HTML5 and refresh your browser window. The Flash based YouTube player is currently not accessible to screen readers.

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Any way you slice it, smoking is dangerous stuff. From the toxic mix of chemicals in every puff of cigarette smoke to the harm it causes your body, a closer look will leave you wanting to #RunLikeHell.

Find out why cigarettes are dangerous.

A closer look at cigarettes will leave you wanting to #RunLikeHell

> Formaldehyde

Image of a dead frog and a dead snake in jars of formaldehyde

FORMALDEHYDE: Found in embalming fluid and cigarette smoke

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> Naphthalene

Image of moth against a black background

NAPHTHALENE: Found in mothballs and cigarette smoke

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> Nicotine Reaches Brain Within 10 Seconds

GIF of crane-style arcade game. Crane picks up a brain in 10 seconds.

The nicotine in cigarette smoke reaches your brain within 10 seconds

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> Ammonia

Image of a mop next to a bucket of cleaning supplies

AMMONIA: Found in cleaning products and cigarette smoke

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> Hydrogen cyanide

Image of insect eating insecticide soup

HYDROGEN CYANIDE: Found in insecticide and cigarette smoke 

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> Vinyl Chloride

Image of a stack of PVC pipes

VINYL CHLORIDE: Found in PVC pipes and cigarette smoke

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> Dangerous Chemicals In All Tobacco Products

All tobacco products contain dangerous chemicals. Not just cigarettes
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#7000Chemicals

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). A Report of the Surgeon General: How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: What It Means to You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010.

    0003, 0007, 0045, 0046, 0047, 0049, 0101, 0103

Ammonia

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. Secondhand Smoke: What It Means To You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2006.

    0043, 0207, 0104, 0208, 0210

beryllium

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Beryllium. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Toxicology; 2002. 

    0281
  • Cunningham LD. Beryllium, Mineral Yearbook. US Geological Survey. 1998:K1-K4.

    0281

Cadmium

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). A Report of the Surgeon General: How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: What It Means to You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010.

    0003, 0007, 0045, 0046, 0047, 0049, 0101, 0103

Carbon Monoxide

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. Secondhand Smoke: What It Means To You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2006.

    0043, 0207, 0104, 0208, 0210

Chromium

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). A Report of the Surgeon General: How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: What It Means to You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010.

    0003, 0007, 0045, 0046, 0047, 0049, 0101, 0103

Dangerous Chemicals In All Tobacco Products

  • Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Harmful and potentially harmful constituents in tobacco products and tobacco smoke: established list. Silver Spring, MD: Federal Register; 2012. 77(64). http://www.fda.gov/downloads/TobaccoProducts/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryIInformation/UCM297981.pdf. Accessed August 18, 2014.

    0031, 0281, 0282
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). The Health Consequences of Smoking: Nicotine Addiction. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 1988. 

    0031
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease. The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease (Executive Summary). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010. 

    0031
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). The Health Consequences of Smoking - 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2014. 

    0031, 0005, 0006, 0054

Formaldehyde

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). A Report of the Surgeon General: How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: What It Means to You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010.

    0014, 0016

Hydrogen cyanide

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Cyanide (Update). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service; 2006.

    0207
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. Secondhand Smoke: What It Means To You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2006.

    0043, 0207, 0104, 0208, 0210

Lead

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). A Report of the Surgeon General: How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: What It Means to You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010.

    0003, 0007, 0045, 0046, 0047, 0049, 0101, 0103

Naphthalene

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Naphthalene; 1-methylnaphthalene; 2-methylnaphthalene. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry; 2005.

    0282
  • Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Harmful and potentially harmful constituents in tobacco products and tobacco smoke: established list. Silver Spring, MD: Federal Register; 2012. 77(64). http://www.fda.gov/downloads/TobaccoProducts/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryIInformation/UCM297981.pdf. Accessed August 18, 2014.

    0031, 0281, 0282

Nicotine is highly addictive

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). A Report of the Surgeon General: How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: What It Means to You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010.

    0013, 0017, 0093, 0012

Nicotine Reaches Brain Within 10 Seconds

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2004.

    0012

Nicotine Travels From Lungs To Brain

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2004.

    0012
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). A Report of the Surgeon General: How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease (Fact Sheet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010. 

    0042, 0027, 0071, 0265

QUIZ: Benzene: Found in cigarette smoke and gasoline

  • U.S. National Library of Medicine. (NLM). "Benzene." 06 November, 2008. https://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/text_version/chemicals.php?id=5. Updated February 25, 2015. Accessed July 13, 2015.

    0101
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). A Report of the Surgeon General: How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: What It Means to You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010.

    0003, 0007, 0045, 0046, 0047, 0049, 0101, 0103

QUIZ: Menthol cigarettes may be more addictive and harder to quit than regular cigarettes

  • Hoffman AC, Miceli D. Menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation behavior. Tobacco Induced Diseases. 2011; 9(Suppl 1):S6: 1-5

    0024
  • Hoffman AC, Simmons D. Menthol cigarette smoking and nicotine dependence. Tobacco Induced Diseases. 2011; 9(Suppl 1):S5:1-5.

    0024

Teens Vulnerable To Addiction

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). A Report of the Surgeon General: Preventing Tobacco Use among Youth and Young Adults. We Can Make the Next Generation Tobacco-Free (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2012.

    0020, 0026, 0010, 0075

Toluene

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. Secondhand Smoke: What It Means To You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2006.

    0043, 0207, 0104, 0208, 0210

Vinyl Chloride

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. Secondhand Smoke: What It Means To You (Consumer Booklet). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2006.

    0043, 0207, 0104, 0208, 0210

Waterpipe/Hookah Smoke

What Counts As Tobacco?

  • Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Harmful and potentially harmful constituents in tobacco products and tobacco smoke: established list. Silver Spring, MD: Federal Register; 2012. 77(64). http://www.fda.gov/downloads/TobaccoProducts/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryIInformation/UCM297981.pdf. Accessed August 18, 2014.

    0031, 0281, 0282
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). The Health Consequences of Smoking: Nicotine Addiction. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 1988. 

    0031
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease. The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease (Executive Summary). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010. 

    0031
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). The Health Consequences of Smoking - 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2014. 

    0031, 0005, 0006, 0054